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Understanding Employee Training and Development and its Types

Understanding Employee Training and Development and its Types

Employee training and development is a subsystem within a company that places emphasis on improving individual performance.

This subsystem is very important because large and sustainable companies will need employees with extraordinary performance.

There are many definitions of employee training and development according to experts. William G. Scott defines training as an activity aimed at developing leaders to achieve greater individual work effectiveness and better interpersonal relationships in organizations, as well as adapting leaders to the context of their entire environment, follow us for more.

Another definition of employee training is quoted from Andrew E. Sikula. According to him, employee training is a short-term educational process, using systematic and organized procedures, where non-managerial personnel learn technical skills and knowledge for specific purposes.

Law Number 13 of 2003 concerning Employment also includes a definition of job training, namely all activities to provide, obtain, improve and develop work competency, productivity, discipline, attitude and work ethic at a certain level of skills and expertise, in accordance with the level and certain skills. position or job qualifications.

Employee development is defined as a process in which employees, with the support of their superiors, undergo various employee training programs to improve their skills and acquire knowledge, as well as new skills.

The direction is more about preparing employees as individuals to take on different or greater responsibilities.

Employee development is a major factor in retaining employees in the workplace, especially today, in a workforce dominated by the millennial generation.

The most popular methods of employee development used by companies include training and leadership development programs.

Employee development is an investment for the company. This investment directly impacts employee engagement and productivity, which ultimately increases company success.

The difference between training and employee development

Both training and employee development provide practical knowledge to increase employee capabilities, improve employee performance, and help employees reduce errors at work.

Both can also be applied to employees who have work experience, as well as new employees.

However, from several previous definitions, there is a clear difference between employee training and development.

Employee training is intended to improve the employee’s mastery of skills for a particular job and what he is currently doing.

For example, presentation training, communication training, training for trainers, and others.

Meanwhile, employee development is more about preparing themselves to master new skills because they will hold different jobs and usually require greater responsibility.

As stated by Syafaruddin, training is more directed at increasing the capabilities and expertise of the company’s human resources (HR), related to the position or function for which they are currently responsible.

The target is to achieve increased individual performance in the current position or function.

Meanwhile, employee development is more formal in nature. This employee development includes anticipating individual abilities and skills that must be prepared for the benefit of the employee’s future position.

The goal is broader than training, namely increasing an individual’s ability to anticipate changes that may occur without planning.

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